The Untold Serbian Atrocities of Croatians in WW2
by Andkon's Reich
The following article is demonstrated to prove Serbian atrocities of Croats in the second world war between the years of 1940 and 1947. The primary source for this article is: Greueltaten und Verwüstungen der Aufrührer im unabhängigen Staate Kroatien in den ersten Lebensmonaten des Kroatischen Nationalstaates which was published by NSDAP state officials in 1942. Further photographic and documentary evidence can be found here on this substack: Photographic and Documentation Evidence For "The Untold Serbian Atrocities of Croatians in WW2"
Chetniks Terrible Crimes Against Croats
The Chetnik Detachments of the Yugoslav Army, commonly known as the Chetniks and also the Yugoslav Army in the Homeland and The Ravna Gora Movement, was a Yugoslav royalist and Serbian nationalist movement in occupied Yugoslavia led by Draža Mihailović, which was anti-Axis in its long-term goals, and engaged in marginal resistance activities for limited periods. They also engaged in tactical or selective collaboration with the occupying forces for almost all of the war. The Mihailović Chetniks were not a homogeneous movement. The Chetnik movement adopted a policy of collaboration with regard to the Axis, and engaged in cooperation to one degree or another by establishing modus vivendi or operating as "legalised" auxiliary forces under Axis control. Over a period of time, and in different parts of the country, the Chetnik movement was progressively drawn into collaboration agreements: first with the Nedić forces in the Territory of the Military Commander in Serbia, then with the Italians in occupied Dalmatia and Montenegro.
Kulen Vakuf Massacre
The Kulen Vakuf massacre was a massive retaliation massacre of Muslim and Croatian civilians and members of Ustaše, committed in early September 1941 in Kulen Vakuf, then Independent State of Croatia (today Bosnia and Herzegovina) by Yugoslav Communist Partisan forces and groups of non-communist Serb rebels. The victims were Croatian and Muslim civilians and members of the Ustaše. The first massacres were committed when drunken rebels targeted imprisoned Ustaše soldiers. The communist forces issued a report on 9 September 1941 emphasizing that the order received on 7 September had been carried out and Kulen Vakuf liberated; the communist detachment from Lika transported prisoners to Martin Brod. The Lika detachment, commanded by Pero Đilas, brutally molested imprisoned adults during transportation. Kulen Vakuf was set ablaze by refugees and drunken rebels. Although Veber avoided capture by escaping from the rebel encirclement, he and his forces were killed by the communist Čapajev Battalion on 3 October 1941.
When they learned about what happened during and after the capture of Kulen Vakuf, the Communist leadership requested a detailed report about the massacre (including a list of participating detachments). The massacre was a pretext for a planned internal struggle against Gojko Polovina, who (with Stojan Matić) ordered the attack on the village. According to Polovina, the main cause of the internal conflict was the intention of Vladimir Bakarić to put partisan detachments from Lika (Croatia's largest and most competent rebel units) under the command of the Communist Party of Croatia; Polovina had refused to do so since the uprising began. To avoid implications that the partisans were war criminals, communist authorities were silent about the Kulen Vakuf massacre because some of its commanders survived the war and advanced in the communist hierarchy; General Đoko Jovanić received the Order of the People's Hero.
The Gata massacre was the killing of 96 Croatian villagers in village of Gata, Croatia, in 1942. The Perpetrators of this massacre were members of Dinara chetnik Division under the command of chetnik commander (vojvoda) Petar Baćović, Momčilo Đujić and Mane Rokvić. At the end of September 1942, the Yugoslav partisans in Dalmatia intensified their actions against the Axis forces and caused disturbance among Italian officers in charge of the region. Italian General Umberto Spigo, commander of the XVIIIth Army Corps, was particularly frustrated with the authorities of the Independent State of Croatia because he felt they were not cooperating enough with the Italians, and because they could not obtain information about recent Communist sabotages from the local Croatian population. Therefore, the Italians devised a plan of action against Communist activities in the Omiš area. About 150 Chetniks were carried by Italian transport trucks as additional reinforcements. On October 1, 1942, at around 6 in the morning, parts of the Chetnik forces began moving towards the Dalmatian village of Gata. Shortly before entering the village, the Chetniks met a group of Croatian women carrying milk to Omiš. The Chetniks murdered the women by cutting their throats. After Gata was surrounded by Chetnik and Italian forces, the initial ones started massacring the villagers. A nine-year-old boy named Maksim saw his cousin Ante run away covered in blood and with a knife sticking out of his throat. Maksim then alarmed the rest of his family who began to flee towards the Mount Mosor. The then 12-year-old survivor Andrija Pivčević remembers the witnessed events:
"I was in a group of twelve. I've seen with my own eyes how they killed people. I saw them slaughtering Danica Miloš, her 10-year-old son and how they tossed her 1-year-old daughter in the air and impaled her on a bayonet. They shot me with a rifle in my buttock and then one of the Chetniks approached me and asked if I prefer to be finished by a bullet or a knife. I was begging him not to kill me because I was my mom's only son. After that he started stabbing me with his knife. He stabbed me 9 times”
Bosansko Grahovo Massacre
The Bosansko Grahovo massacre was a massacre committed by Chetniks on 27 July 1941. It was part of the massacres in the southwestern Bosnian Krajina and Eastern Lika aimed at ethnically cleansing local Croats. Chetniks and other affiliated Serb rebels, commanded by Branko Bogunović, attacked Croat civilians in Bosansko Grahovo and surrounding villages, killing about 100, of whom 62 were identified. Among those killed were at least 5 women and 9 children. Numerous homes were burned, along with the Catholic church and rectory in Grahovo. A parish priest, Juraj Gospodnetić, was tortured and killed. According to Croatian scholar Blanka Matkovich, the Partisans were responsible for the atrocities against Croatians in Bosansko Grahovo, as well as the Trubar massacre.
On 27 July 1941, a Yugoslav Partisan-led uprising began in the area of Drvar and Bosansko Grahovo. It was a coordinated effort from both sides of the Una River in the territory of southeastern Lika and southwestern Bosanska. It succeeded in transferring key NDH territory under rebel control. Parishioners of the Catholic parish in Drvar went on a pilgrimage near Knin on 26 July 1941. The massacre occurred in village of Trubar, 18 km from Drvar, where Chetnik rebels stopped a train on Vaganj station and separated pilgrims who were returning from Knin on 27 July. Murdered pilgrims, among whom was a German Roman Catholic priest, Waldemar Maximilian Nestor, were thrown into the pit of Golubnjača. Shortly afterwards massacres occurred in surrounding villages. Some sources cite over 300 fatalities, yet many of the bodies that were thrown into deep caves, have yet to be fully exhumed. One of the witnesses of the massacre was a Partisan, Stevo Babić, who wrote that a group of rebels had executed train passengers at Golubnjača.According to Croatian scholar Blanka Matkovich, the Yugoslav Partisans were responsible for the massacre. The Prosecutor's Office of Bosnia and Herzegovina announced in November 2015 that exhumations of bodies from the pit of Golubnjača were carried out and that these are the bodies of pilgrims killed in July 1941. Bodies were buried in priests' tomb in Banja Luka. Franjo Komarica, Bishop of Banja Luka, requested from the Office an investigation of the crime.
The Krnjeuša massacre, sometimes referred to as the Krnjeuša pogrom (Croatian: Pogrom u Krnjeuši), was a massacre of civilians committed by Chetniks on 9-10 August 1941. It was part of the massacres in the southwestern Bosnian Krajina and eastern Lika aimed at both ethnically cleansing local Croats. The massacre, which started on 9 August 1941, caused the total destruction of the parish. The church, the rectory and majority of houses in parish was burned and demolished. So far, the identity of 240 killed civilians is known including a 34-year-old parish priest, Krešimir Barišić, who was tortured and burned alive. Among those killed were 49 children under the age of 12. After the massacre the local Croats fled and the communist authorities refused to allow exiles to return after the war ended in 1945.
Serbian Genocide of Croatians.
Croats are, in fact, the greatest victims of World War II in Yugoslavia. While much is made of Ustasha crimes in Jasenovac and elsewhere, these are used only to hide even greater crimes of Communists during and after World War II. Fact is that only Croats were mass murdered after World War II. Statistics clearly show this. In 1931., population of Yugoslavia counted 6 085 482 Croats and 6 785 499 Serbs. In 1948., there were 5 199 770 Croats (85% of the prewar number, or 885 712 fewer) and 7 783 046 Serbs (115% of the prewar number, or 997 547 more). This means that demographic loss of Croats due to World War II is full 30% (115% – 85%), or in real numbers, 1 798 534 people. Of course, not all of them died. Around 157 000 people emigrated between 1941. and 1948., which means that actual casualties are around 1 641 000 people, or 26% of the prewar population. Communist genocides were an example of political terror, motivated by the theory of class conflict which is inherent part of socialist ideology. All “enemies of the people” – intellectuals, politicians, soldiers, anybody who refused to accept the new regime – were killed without trial. In Slovenia alone, over 600 mass graves were evidenced, with over 100 000 dead.
Communists considered anybody who opposed Bolshevism to be Quislings who could be treated however they liked. The Communist Party of Yugoslavia was, from its very beginning, a section of the Communist International (popularly called the Comintern). Comintern was one of major international organizations, whose purpose was overthrowing of the national governments and establishment of the global Communist system. Communism never could be introduced peacefully, so the revolutionary violence was always the Comintern’s primary focus. Summary executions of few tens of people apiece were dime a dozen. At Šicana, 50 students and 30 members of Croatian Home Guard staffing the Home Guard’s officer school were tortured and killed, and bodies thrown into a chasm. Many executions were far less humane than a shot in the head. Some 400 people were killed near Vrhovci, and hundreds of Home Guard troops were executed near Štitnjak – in both cases, execution was done by a blow to the head, delivered with a hoe. And those of executioners who are still alive have never, and will never, answer for their crimes.
Many executions however were far larger. In the area of Macelj forest, Partisans killed some 13 000 Croats. Around 650 workers from Slavonia were killed there, along with their children. They were returning from work in France, and before the murder all of them were robbed of anything valuable. In one of digs, two child skeletons were found – tied with a wire. Of course, it was not only a Communist thing. Units of the Royal Yugoslav army – who transformed into Chetniks – were also highly active in murders. The uprising in Serbia led to genocide against Croats there.
Concentration camps run by Communists existed even during the war, in the Partisan-controlled territory. As early as 1942., Communists established a concentration camp in the Živčane forrest, where tens of Croats were killed every day according to the eyewitnesses. When typhus epidemic broke out in the camp in late 1944., the camp was abandoned and destroyed, and number of victims was never established, though it must have been well over ten thousand. Yugoslav Partisans in Croatia, between September 1944. and May 1945., controlled in Croatia 19 concentration camps in which Tito’s regime held tens of thousands of Croatian civilians.
In camp Glates, near Požega, there were over 32 000 people. On one occasion, 2 500 members of Croatian Home Guard were brought to the camp, where they were summarily executed. At least a thousand other inmates died from hunger. Among other important facilities were concetration camps of Knićanin, Valpovo, and Goli Otok.
Communists had liquidated a large number of intellectuals, writers and economists. Among those were:
writers: Franjo Babić, Vinko Kos, Albert Haler, Ivan Softa, Mustafa Busuladžić, Marijan Marijašević, Marijan Blažić, Bonaventura Radonić, Zdenka Smrekar, Kerubin Šegvić, Jerko Skračić, Vladimir Jurčić;
poets: Stanko Vitković, Branko Klarić, Gabrijel Cvitan, Petar Perica, Ismet Žunić;
activists: Antun Milovan, Jerolim Malinar;
priests: Miroslav Bulešić, Vlatko Lakošeljac, Franjo Bonifacio, Ivan Raguž, Mato Moguš;
journalists: Mijo Bzik, Agathe von Hausberger, Ivan Maronić, Vilim Peros, Danijel Uvanović, Tias Mortigjija, Stanislav Polonijo, Vladimir Židovec;
artists: Andrija Konc, Josip Horvat Međimurec;
scientists: Ljudevit Jurak, Đuro Stipetić…
This is but a partial list. As noted, seven priests were murdered in Dubrovnik alone. Croatian communists (funded by the Serbian Communists) killed 240 members of the clergy during World War II, and a total of 663 priests were killed during Communist rule in Croatia. This is more than in almost any other Communist country. In Germany, 220 priests were killed by Nazis and 110 by Communists. In Slovenia, total number of clergy murdered by Communists is 220, in Albania 67, in Poland 187, in Czech 20, in Slovakia 14, in Hungary 10. Only countries where more clergy were murdered were USSR (40 000) and Spain (7 000, all by Communists). Most of the clergy (and victims in general) killed by the Communists were tortured in the most cruel ways imaginable.
Between 1992. and 1999., a Commission for war crimes managed to account for 260 000 victims of World War II and post-war period in Croatia. Its work was never completed, especially on the territory of BiH. On 3rd January 1999. Communists returned to power in Croatia, led by Prime Minister Ivica Račan. Work of the Commission was quickly terminated, and all work materials had to be surrendered under threat of repression. What happened to materials later is not known, but they were likely destroyed. Communists, who still rule in Croatia, are stalling for time, hoping for all the witnesses of their crimes to die. And that wish is not far from fulfillment. But even some of the perpetrators admitted to their crimes. Former partisan Major Simo Dubajić told a story about liquidation of 30 000 Croats. Dubajić and Mika Planinc were the mandators of the crime, which is but a small part in Communist crimes against Croats. Anywhere between 100 000 and 150 000 people were murdered at Bleiburg and later during the Way of the Cross, but that is simply overlooked. Not one politician had ever come to Macelj, or any other Communist mass murder site, except for Bleiburg.
Since Communists still rule the countries of ex-SFRJ, Communist crimes are being denied and criminals protected. Majority of the mass graves were never even touched. Murdered people were soldiers, old people, women, children, priests; but the official establishment pretends that only Nazis (who in NDH numbered few hundred to few thousand at most) were murdered, and actively obstructs any efforts of finding out the truth. After the war, Partisans took prisoners from concentration camps of Kanal and Maksimir, stripped them naked, murdered them, and then presented them as being Jews and Serbs killed by the Ustashi regime. Largest executions were on the bus station. Primary executioner of this project was the infamous 6th Lika brigade, which entered Zagreb on 8th May 1945. As with other Partisan units, it was commanded by Serbs. In order to hide their own crimes, Communists found an effective solution. Instead of trying to erase the victims alltogether, they – as already noted – presented them as victims of the Ustashi regime. Jasenovac was promoted as a place where 700 000 people had been killed; in reality, those 700 000 names were a total of all the victims which Yugoslavia suffered in World War II. Jasenovac itself remained in function until early 1950s.
Military Officials Behind Croatian Genocide.
Jezdimir Dangić (4 May 1897 – 22 August 1947) was a Yugoslav and Bosnian Serb Chetnik commander during World War II. He was born in the town of Bratunac in the Austro-Hungarian occupied Bosnia Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire. Imprisoned during World War I for his membership of the revolutionary movement Young Bosnia, he subsequently completed a law degree and became an officer in the gendarmerie of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes at the beginning of 1928. In 1929, the country changed its name to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. In 1940 Dangić was appointed to lead the court gendarmerie detachment stationed at the royal palace in the capital, Belgrade. During the Axis invasion of Yugoslavia in 1941, Dangić commanded the gendarmerie unit that escorted King Peter II to Montenegro as he fled the country. In August of that year, the leader of the Chetnik movement, Colonel Draža Mihailović, appointed Dangić as the commander of the Chetnik forces in eastern Bosnia. Here, Dangić and his men launched several attacks against the forces of the Independent State of Croatia (Serbo-Croatian Latin: Nezavisna Država Hrvatska, NDH). Soon after his appointment, Dangić's Chetniks captured the town of Srebrenica from the occupiers. Afterwards, they became largely inactive in fighting the Germans, choosing instead to avoid confrontation. In December, Chetniks under Dangić's command massacred hundreds of Bosnian Muslims in the town of Goražde. In the same month, his Chetniks captured five nuns and took them with them through Romanija to Goražde, where they later committed suicide to avoid being raped.
One has to ask what made Croats so special that they were the only ones who had to suffer essential genocide during World War II. Most likely answer is that only NDH had an organized military which could have prevented the establishment of new Yugoslavia, new mafia-run prison of nations. NDH forces were not any worse, in terms of terror and war crimes, than any other military or paramilitary group operating in the ex-Yugoslavia. But they were well-organized and efficient, and Croatia had large intelligentsia which likewise would have been an obstacle to establishment of a Communist dictatorship. And mass murders were an easy solution.
Nobody has answered for these crimes, and nobody ever will. Most of the perpetrators, especially those at high positions, have died long ago. And those who have not, will die in a very short time. Even a partisan who was 16 in 1945. will be 92 today. And they are still being protected by the Communists in power. Justice can and will never arrive; and question is whether the truth will ever arrive either, seeing how Communists have power not only in Croatia but across the entire Western world. Truth is not important, not when it is about murders of Croatians, and any such murder is fully justified, especially if it helps in creation of Yugoslavia. That was the logic in 1910s., in 1940s., and in 1990s. Croatians deserved to be murdered, for being “fascists”, for being against Yugoslavia – but Serbs and other “antifascists” never apply this logic to themselves. Only Serb and/or Communist revenge is just, anything Croatian is automatically evil and thus has to be destroyed. As Josip Broz Tito said,: “Holocaust over Jews is an unjustified horror, Holocaust over Croats is satisfied justice”.
For photographic and documentary evidence of the following claims made in this article please visit: Photographic and Documentation Evidence For "The Untold Serbian Atrocities of Croatians in WW2"